Sudan Population: 41,160,965
National or Regional Currency: Sudanese Pound | Currency Symbol: SDG
Sudan official languages: Arabic and English (With 114 native languages and more than 500 accents, Sudan has a diverse multilingual population.)
Sudan total area: 728,215 square miles (1,886,068 square kilometers) – (Sudan is the 16th largest country in the world by land area)
Sudan Nominal GDP: $187 billion | Nominal per capita GDP: $4,586
The Sudan has a 530-mile (853 km) coastline bordering the Red Sea.
The White Nile and the Blue Nile are the two tributaries of the Nile. These two tributaries merge at Khartoum—the capital of Sudan—becoming the Nile River proper before flowing into Egypt. Its other major tributaries are the Bahr el Ghazal, Sobat and Atbarah rivers.
The countries bordering the Sudan by land, are Libya, South Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Chad, and the Central African Republic.
The Sudan is divided into 18 states.
The metric system is the legal standard, but a highly diverse system based on Egyptian and British standards is in local use for weights and measures.
There are 12 holidays in the Sudan.
Sudan commands an advantageous geographical position that includes:
- Nine bordering states; with Saudi Arabia across the Red Sea
- Position overlooking one of the world’s most vital water lanes (the Red Sea) The world’s longest river, the Nile, crosses Sudan from South to North.
- Position in the heart of Africa that touches the continent’s north, central, west and the east.
- Position as the link between the Arab region and Africa
Land frontiers: the total length of the land frontier is 6,780 km
• Arabic Republic of Egypt: 1,273 km
• Eritrea: 636 km
• Ethiopia: 727 km
• State of South Sudan: 1,973
• Central Africa: 448 km
• Chad: 1,340 km
• Libya: 383 km
Sudan is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Arab League (AL), the African Union (AU), the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), the Sahel and Sahara Alliance, the Inter-Governmental Association for Development and Desertification (IGADD), the Economic Commission for East and South Africa States (COMESA), the Greater Arab Free Trade Area and others. Sudan maintains diplomatic relations with most world states to advance its interests, reassert its geographic and cultural identity and contribute to regional as well as world peace and stability.
Sudan and World Organizations:
Sudan is a committed member of the UN and its founding charter and strives to fulfill its role within the world organization.
Despite complications such as UN Security Council actions regarding the Darfur dispute, Sudan has done its utmost to advance the values laid forth in the organization’s founding charter to the best of its ability.
Sudan is ultimately of the view that the UN, in order to be a more effective and body capable of truly representing all nations, must be re-structured and systematically reformed such that it reflects the global diversity. It also has to preclude domination by the few in order to meaningfully promote world peace, justice, inter-dependence and equality for the many.
Sudan’s Multilateral Relations:
Sudan did not settle for typical relations oriented towards the West, but instead opened its doors to the entire world. It fostered close and solid ties based on common interests with China, Korea, Russia, India, Malaysia, Indonesia and other Asian nations and benefited much from these relations. These solid ties with a diverse array of nations are core strength of Sudanese foreign policy.
For more information about Sudan and its membership, please visit Sudan’s Membership.
Sudan believes in a policy of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries and the autonomy of all nations in global politics, as well as the right of nations and peoples to relations based on common interest and mutual benefit. It also supports an international order that promotes justice, equality, human inter-dependence, sustainable development and neighborly relations.
Given its dual African-Arab heritage, and in view of its strategic geographical position as the point of confluence for the two identities, Sudan is compelled to play an active role in the regional and international communities beyond the immediate framework of safeguarding its interests, principles and commitment to conventions it has ratified.
Challenges Facing Sudanese Diplomacy:
Sudan has certainly struggled with internal problems; including the South-North issue, Darfur and the East. Certain parties have tended to embellish the facts, thus compounding the problems and impeding the search for peace. Despite these misunderstandings on the part of certain misinformed parties, Sudanese diplomacy has patiently and meticulously pursued the country’s interests as well as the cause of a stable and secure region.
The Sudanese Foreign Ministry is a key ministry that enables Sudan to play its role on the international stage through its embassies and consulates abroad that promote national goals in addition to the well being of Sudanese citizens in the Diaspora.
The Foreign Ministry has evolved over the years and presently includes the following organs:
- Planning and Research
- Consular and bilateral relations
- International Cooperation
- Administrative and Financial Affairs
- Protocol Section
- Media and International Law
- National Center for Diplomatic Studies
- Specialized Administrations concerned with Sudan’s relations with African, Arab, Asian, European and American States