Report: New Information on the involvement of Darfuri Rebels in the conflict in Libya


In December 2011, Great Lakes Conference in Uganda classified two major Darfuri rebel groups - Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) - as negative forces that should be combated by African governments and international community. For more than five years, he Darfuri armed groups are serving as mercenaries for conflict parties in both South Sudan and Libya, they became one of the biggest threats to stability in the region. Early February this year, news agencies reported that 30 SLM elements were killed during clashes in Kufra in the southern part of Libya. The Sudanese army and Libyan officials accused Darfuri rebels of waves of armed robbery and attacks on civilians in other parts of Libya.

New information from Sudanese Media Center (SMC):

New information from SMC agency says Al-Raheema Ismail who is a dissident from JEM disclosed that the movement is supporting the Libyan “Karma forces” of Major General Khalifa Haftar and other groups affiliated to "Karma". Speaking to the agency last week, Ismail said that a considerable number of JEM leaders are planning to increase their elements with Haftar. Other sources confirm the contribution of other movements: Minawi, Abd Alwahid, Karbinu group led by Abu Tanga, Unity group led by Abbud Khatir, and more militias and factions.

List of atrocities:

Reliable sources and documents confirmed atrocities committed by Darfuri movements that supporting General Haftar, the practices include:

  1. Armed robbery in several places in Libya
  2. Arms smuggling along Libyan south-west borders
  3. Human trafficking and facilitating illegal immigrants’ movement from Africa to Europe
  4. Robbing banks in several Libyan cities
  5. Robbing people in domestic mining areas
  6. Launching an attack on Tuareg and Tabu tribes in March 2015
  7. Clashes between elements of Sudan Liberation Movement with the rebels of the Subul Al-Salam
  8. Looting Libyan oil fields in Sareer and Zalla
  • Sources say that other reports contain more detailed information

African Union - United Nations Mission in Darfur

STATEMENT: UNAMID's Joint Special Representative (JSR), Martin Uhomoibhi

9 October 2016

Though the region of Darfur is relatively peaceful at this time, a small portion of Jebel Marra within Darfur continues to be intermittently volatile.

As the UN Secretary-General has always stressed, there can be no military solution to the conflict in the region. The challenge is: how can UNAMID best assist the Government of Sudan and the armed/non-signatory movements to stop fighting and engage in genuine political dialogue towards sustainable peace.

I welcome the unilateral declarations of cessation of hostilities in Darfur and call for the maintenance of these.

I welcome and support the on-going discussion on a cessation of hostilities document under the auspices of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel.

I met with Abdul Wahid in Paris, where he resides on July 11; upon my request he agreed to hold a meeting of the Sudan Liberation Army leadership cadres in mid-September of this year to consider joining the peace process. He asked for UNAMID’s assistance. I agreed to assist but asked for a formal written letter to process the request. He agreed to write immediately but till date, has failed to do so in spite of my writing two reminders.

I would like to use this opportunity to call on all members of the United Nations and respective Special Envoys of influential countries to exert necessary pressure on the Sudan Liberation Army/Abdul Wahid, to join the peace process.

A major plank of UNAMID’s mandate from the Security Council is to protect civilians in Darfur. UNAMID has encountered some challenges in implementing this responsibility in a small portion of Darfur.

Both sides in the conflict in Jebel Marra continue to hamper or deny access to the remaining enclave of the concerned armed movement in Darfur. UNAMID is not an interposition force. It is a peacekeeping force and needs collaboration of both sides in the conflict to protect all civilians.

I call on the International Community as well as all Special Envoys of countries concerned to exercise influence and ensure UNAMID has unrestricted access all over Jebel Marra.

However, UNAMID’s request for humanitarian access for protection of civilians purposes has no link with the recent Amnesty International’s claims on chemical weapons since the mandate to investigate use of chemical weapons belongs to a different organisation. Even with full access as agreed in the Status of Forces Agreement, UNAMID lacks mandate to investigate on use of chemical weapons.

Nonetheless, UNAMID has been requested to shed light on the claims in the Amnesty International’s report and the facts are as follows:

In spite of the almost 20,000 UNAMID personnel on the ground in Darfur, none of them has seen any Darfuri with the impact of the use of chemical weapons as described by Amnesty International’s report;

Not one displaced person meeting such description has shown up at any UNAMID Team Site clinics where they would have naturally gone for help.

Amnesty International claimed to have made calls into Jebel Marra but did not for once call any of the almost 20,000 UN personnel all over Darfur, including in places like Sortony and Nertiti within a stone throw from the places where chemical weapons were reported to have been used.

Not one among the leadership of the Armed Movements in Darfur discussed use of chemical weapons with me or my Deputy during several meetings spanning January, April, May, July, August and September this year.

UNAMID's Joint Special Representative (JSR), Martin Uhomoibhi



1. The Permanent Mission of the Republic of the Sudan to the United Nations is surprised at the report of the Amnesty International and the timing of the release of the report which comes at the time of official declaration nationally and regionally of the end of conflict in Darfur that erupted in 2003. The People of Sudan celebrated the conclusion of the tenure of Darfur Transitional Authority which was mandated since 2011 with the implementation of Doha Peace Agreement. The report, utterly unfounded, is released at a time when the Government of Sudan is engaged with all partners and concerned countries to take more strides in normalization of relations in all aspects.

2. The United Nations African Union Hybrid Force in Darfur deployed in the region since 2007 UNAMID comprises 17500 troops and personnel to monitor all violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in the entire region of Darfur. So far and during this year it has submitted around 5 reports to the Security Council of the United Nations, not including a single reference to such allegations which Amnesty International stands to clarify.

3. Likewise, the Special Envoys to Sudan from almost every corner of the world, including the US Special Envoy have enjoyed up to date unfettered access to all areas in Darfur.

4. Sudan is party to the International Convention on Prohibition of Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons since 1998. Sudan is by no means in possession of any type of chemical weapons. Sudan’s industrial facilities, military and civil, are all open to the verification of the OPCW at all times.

5. The allegations of use of chemical weapons by Sudanese Armed Forces is baseless and fabricated. The ultimate objective of such wild accusation, is to stir confusion in the on-going processes aimed at deepening peace and stability and enhancing economic development and social cohesion in Sudan. It is, as well, mention-worthy that in 1998 the Shifa Pharmaceutical Factory in Khartoum was bombed and completely destroyed based on inaccurate and false intelligence. Later on, the Government of Sudan was eventually cleared and the owner of the factory compensated. Such serious and unfounded accusations are damaging and should be ignored.

Press Statement

South Sudan’s Support of Armed Sudanese Opposition Groups

Mark C. Toner
Deputy Department Spokesperson
Washington, DC
October 20, 2016


The United States calls on the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to comply with its commitments to cease harboring or providing support for Sudanese armed opposition groups, as required by UN Security Council Resolution 2046 (2012). Despite its obligations under international law and repeated agreements between the Government of the Republic of South Sudan and the Government of Sudan to end such support, credible reports continue to indicate the Government of the Republic of South Sudan is harboring and providing assistance to armed Sudanese opposition groups. We urge South Sudan's leaders to redouble their efforts to meet the commitments they recently reached with Sudan under which both sides agreed to end support for armed opposition groups on either side.

The presence of Sudanese armed opposition forces in South Sudan, and their involvement in South Sudan’s internal conflicts, destabilizes both Sudan and South Sudan. It is, moreover, a violation of the terms of the Agreement for the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan. We call on the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to ensure Sudanese armed opposition groups are not in a position to conduct armed operations within South Sudan or across the border in Sudan. We call on the Government of South Sudan to either expel Sudanese armed opposition groups or disarm them and place them in cantonment.

We also urge both Sudan and South Sudan to fully respect the 2012 Agreement on Security Arrangements, and withdraw their armed forces from the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone.

يتشرف السيد السفير/ معاوية عثمان خالد وأسرة السفارة السودانية بواشنطون بدعوة أفراد الجالية السودانية للإفطار السنوي بمناسبة عيد الفطر المبارك والذي سيقام في  تمام الساعة العاشرة من صباح أول أيام عيد الفطر المبارك وذلك بمقر إقامة السيد السفير بواشنطون على العنوان التالي  

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.ستغلق جميع المكاتب بالسفارة أبوابها يوم الاثنين الموافق 4 يوليو (إجازة رسمية بمناسبة اليوم الوطني الأمريكي) كما ستغلق في الفترة من 5 يوليو إلى يوم الجمعة الموافق 8 يوليو وذلك بمناسبة عيد الفطر المبارك  

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