The majority of the Sudanese are Muslims; mosques were built throughout the country since the early days of Islam. Presently many of these mosques are found in Khartoum, some of them built for more than hundreds of years. Religious men and different Sunni and Sufi sects built the mosques. And in addition to their being places of worship, mosques play an important, social and educational role in the lives of the Sudanese.
Following is a list of some of the big and well-known mosques in Khartoum together with some brief information about some of them.
- El Imam AlRahman Mosque, Omdurman- Wad Nubawui.
- El Imam El Mahdi , Omdurman- El Mulazmeen.
- El Neelain Mosque:
It is located on the Confluence of the Nile, and was inaugurated in 1983. Architecturally it was built along the Moroccan architecture. It is home to the head offices of the University of Koran and Islamic Sciences. Besides, four religious lectures that are presented weekly and twenty four classes for teaching Koran.
- El Sheikh AI Dareer Mosque, Omdurman- Wad Urru:
Sheikh El Dareer built this mosque in 1916 to hold prayers as well as serving as a place for religious, theology and hadith lessons to be held. It was renovated twice, in 1946 and the second time in 1996 where it was completely restructured.
- El Sheikh AI Yaqout Mosque, Khartoum- Jebel Awlia.
- El Sheikh Daffalla Mosque:
His daughter (Halima) built the mosque together with a tomb for Sheikh Daffalla in 1930. It holds Koranic classes as well as providing lodgings for the homeless especially the students who come from the various parts of Sudan. Also the annual celebrations in memory of Sheikh Daffalla are held at the mosque. It adheres to the Qadiriya Sect. Omdurman, El Abbassiya.
- El Sheikh Gariballa Mosque:
The religious leader Sheikh Gariballa, built this mosque in 1929, It was renovated in 1944 and in 1996, under went complete rebuilding and enlargement. There are Koranic schools and classes. And it adheres to the Sammaniya Sect.
- El Sheikh Hamad El Nil Mosque, Um Badda:
This tomb was constructed in 1936 and was renovated twice, during the mid-sixties and mid-eighties. It consists of three domes for the followers of Sheikh Hamad- el- Nil. They adhere to the Qadiiriya Sufi Order.
- Faroug Mosque, Khartoum, Gamhouria Ave:
Was built by Ahmed Bin Ali Bin Aon Bin Amer, a famous Mahasi religious scholar who was born in 1009 Hegira in Tuti Island, and died in Sennar in 1102 H. He crossed the river from Tuti and cleared the site for the mosque and built it together with Koranic schools to which students from different parts flocked to learn. And consequently around this mosque started to grow Khartoum village. Khurshid Pasha enlarged the mosque in 1245 H, and King Faroug rebuilt it in its present day form in 1947 AD thus the name Faroug Mosque.
- Khartoum Grand Mosque, Khartoum, Central station:
It was built during the Turkish rule. Its architecture is Turkish- Islamic and could accommodate up to 10.000 prayers. It hosts an institute for the training of Islamic scholars. And because of its location of this mosque in the center of Khartoum large numbers of followers attend it during prayers.
- Khartoum North Grand Mosque, Khartoum North, Central station
- Khartoum University Mosque, Khartoum, Gama'a Ave
- New Extension Mosque, Khartoum, New Extension-St. 41.
- Omdurman Grand Mosque:
It is situated in the center of Omdurman Market (Souq) and is one of the oldest mosques of the town. It was built in 1910, the funds for the construction were provided from the contributions of the citizens of Omdurman. Firstly, it harbored a Koranic Institute that taught religion and Arabic. After the establishment of Omdurman Islamic Sciences Institute, the mosque was host to classes for teaching the Koran and recitation.
- Sayed Ali El Merghani Grand Mosque, Khartoum North, Shambat St.
- Shareef Yousif El Hindi Mosque, Khartoum, Burri
- Sheikh Daffalla El Saeim Mosque, Omdurman, Umm Badda.
- heikh Mohamed El Badawi Mosque, Omdurman, Abassiya:
A descendant of Sheikh El Badawi built the mosque in the seventies according to his wishes, he is buried in a tomb at the mosque. Koranic classes are held regularly and during the school holidays to teach the students the Koran and its sciences. There is also an annex for sheltering the students who come from outside Khartoum.
- The Burhania Sect Mosque, Khartoum, Al Souq Al Shabbi:
Christianity is the second religion in Sudan, with an ancient and rich history in this country. The Sudan Council of Churches is a voluntary, non-governmental organization composed of 15 national Sudanese churches. Its headquarters are in St 35, New Extension, Khartoum.