Basic Information

Situation: Between latitudes 4 degrees and 22 degrees north of the equator and longitudes 22 degrees and 38 degrees east.

Area: 2.5 million kilometers square; the equivalent of one million square miles.

Population: 39 million

Faith: Islam, Christianity and Ancient creeds

Language: Arabic, English and local dialects

System: Presidential Republic

Administrative divisions: 25 States, 15 in the North; 10 in the South.

Natural Resources and Wealth

Arable area: 300 Million feddans liable to increase to 400 million feddans.

Water resources: rains, rivers and subterranean water.

Climate: Desert and semi-desert in the north, Savannah in the centre and Equatorial in the South.

Forests: cover over 40 percent of the country’s entire area.

Natural pastures: Vast areas of natural pasture upon which the national herd feeds.

Animal Wealth: 140 million heads of cattle (cows, camels, sheep, goats and horse species).

Fisheries: abundant fish wealth of which only 30 percent is tapped.

Petroleum: Self-sufficient and oil-exporting country.

Mineral resources: A variety of minerals yet unexploited.

System of Governance

Sudan is a democratic republic governed through a federal Presidential system where an executive body lead by an elected Head of State who is simultaneously Head of Government and the Commander in Chief of the armed forces is in charge. The bicameral National Legislature is composed of the two chambers, the Council of States and the National Assembly. These chambers constitute the 500-elected member parliament.

When the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed however, the two parties, the National Congress Party and the Sudan's People Liberation Movement, per the terms of the Interim National Constitution agreed to adopt a new system of governance that strove to accommodate the various political parties in Sudan. This was dubbed the Government of National Unity (GONU). A salient feature of this arrangement was the co-Vice Presidency at the executive level where the President of the autonomous Southern region holds the post of vice presidency at the federal level with a northern counterpart. Most of what was stipulated in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement with regards to the Government of National Unity expired with the National Elections that took place in April of 2010.



Omer Hassan Ahmed El-Bashir President of the Republic
Salva Kiir Mayardit First Vice President of the Republic
Ali Osman Mohamed Taha Vice President of the Republic

Presidential Advisors

Dr. Ghazi Salah Eldin Dr. Mansour Khalid
Dr. Riak Gai Dr. Mustafa Osman
Dr. Ahmed Bilal Osman Dr. El Sadiq El Hadi Abdul Rahman
Mrs. Amna Mohamed Salih Dirar Mrs. Fareeda Ahmed Hassan
Mr. Salah Abdalla Gosh Mr. Abdalla Ali Masar
Mr. Ali Tamim Fartak Professor Ahmed Ali El Imam
Mr. William Ajal Deng Mr. Andrew Makur
Mr. Bona Malwal Dr. Riak Gai

Federal Ministers

Minister of the Presidential Affairs General S.G Bakri Saleh
Minister of National Defense Gen. Abdulrahim Hussein
Minister of the Council of Ministers Dr. Luka Biong
Minister of Foreign Affairs Ali Ahmed Karti
Minister of Interior Ibrahim Hamed
Minister of Justice Mohammed Bushara Dousa
Minister of Information Kamal Mohamed Obeid
Minister of Parliamentarian Affairs Halima Hassaballa Al-Naeem
Minister of Finance and national Economy Ali Mahmoud Abdul-Rassol
Minister of International Cooperation Jalal Al-Din Yousif Al-Degair
Minister of Irrigation water Resources Kamal Ali Mohammed Ahmed
Minister of Agriculture Abdul-Halim Isamil Al-Mutaafi
Minister of Industry Awad Ahmed Al-Jaz
Minister of Foreign Trade Elias Nyamlel Wakoso
Minister of Investment George Bureng Nyombe Vincent
Minister of Animal and Fishery Resources Faisal Hassan Ibrahim
Minister of AntiquityTourism and Wildlife Ahmed Babekir Nahar
Minister of Transportation Chol Ram Pang
Minister of Health Dr. Abdalla Tiya Juma
Minister of Humanitarian Affairs Joseph Lual Achuil
Minister of Human Resources Development Kamal Abdul-Latif Abdul-Rahim
Minister of Envrnt, Forestry, phy Dvlpmnt Joseph Malwal Dong
Minister of High Ed. and Scientific Research Peter Adok Nyaba
Minister of Culture Al-Samawa’al Khalafalla quraish
Minister of Guidance and Endowments Azhari Al-Tigani Awad Al-Sayed
Minister of Public Education Farah Mustafa Abdalla
Minister of Sciences and Technology Eissa Bashari Mohamed
Minister of Petroleum Lual Achuil Deng
Minister of Electricity and Dams Osama Abdalla Al-Hassan
Minister of Welfare and Social Security Amira AL-Fadil Ahmed
Minister of Youth and Sports Haj Magid Siwar
Minister of Minerals Abdul-Bagi Al-Jailani
Minister of Roads and Bridges Abdul-Wahab Mohamed Osman
Minister of Labor Dak Doup Bichiok
Minister of Communication and Info Tech Yahiya Mohamed Hamed

Political Map Of Sudan

Economy & Investment