Situation: Between latitudes 4 degrees and 22 degrees north of the equator and longitudes 22 degrees and 38 degrees east.
Area: 2.5 million kilometers square; the equivalent of one million square miles.
Population: 39 million
Faith: Islam, Christianity and Ancient creeds
Language: Arabic, English and local dialects
System: Presidential Republic
Administrative divisions: 25 States, 15 in the North; 10 in the South.
Natural Resources and Wealth
Arable area: 300 Million feddans liable to increase to 400 million feddans.
Water resources: rains, rivers and subterranean water.
Climate: Desert and semi-desert in the north, Savannah in the centre and Equatorial in the South.
Forests: cover over 40 percent of the country’s entire area.
Natural pastures: Vast areas of natural pasture upon which the national herd feeds.
Animal Wealth: 140 million heads of cattle (cows, camels, sheep, goats and horse species).
Fisheries: abundant fish wealth of which only 30 percent is tapped.
Petroleum: Self-sufficient and oil-exporting country.
Mineral resources: A variety of minerals yet unexploited.
System of Governance
Sudan is a democratic republic governed through a federal Presidential system where an executive body lead by an elected Head of State who is simultaneously Head of Government and the Commander in Chief of the armed forces is in charge. The bicameral National Legislature is composed of the two chambers, the Council of States and the National Assembly. These chambers constitute the 500-elected member parliament.
When the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed however, the two parties, the National Congress Party and the Sudan's People Liberation Movement, per the terms of the Interim National Constitution agreed to adopt a new system of governance that strove to accommodate the various political parties in Sudan. This was dubbed the Government of National Unity (GONU). A salient feature of this arrangement was the co-Vice Presidency at the executive level where the President of the autonomous Southern region holds the post of vice presidency at the federal level with a northern counterpart. Most of what was stipulated in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement with regards to the Government of National Unity expired with the National Elections that took place in April of 2010.
|Omer Hassan Ahmed El-Bashir||President of the Republic|
|Salva Kiir Mayardit||First Vice President of the Republic|
|Ali Osman Mohamed Taha||Vice President of the Republic|
|Dr. Ghazi Salah Eldin||Dr. Mansour Khalid|
|Dr. Riak Gai||Dr. Mustafa Osman|
|Dr. Ahmed Bilal Osman||Dr. El Sadiq El Hadi Abdul Rahman|
|Mrs. Amna Mohamed Salih Dirar||Mrs. Fareeda Ahmed Hassan|
|Mr. Salah Abdalla Gosh||Mr. Abdalla Ali Masar|
|Mr. Ali Tamim Fartak||Professor Ahmed Ali El Imam|
|Mr. William Ajal Deng||Mr. Andrew Makur|
|Mr. Bona Malwal||Dr. Riak Gai|
|Minister of the Presidential Affairs||General S.G Bakri Saleh|
|Minister of National Defense||Gen. Abdulrahim Hussein|
|Minister of the Council of Ministers||Dr. Luka Biong|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Ali Ahmed Karti|
|Minister of Interior||Ibrahim Hamed|
|Minister of Justice||Mohammed Bushara Dousa|
|Minister of Information||Kamal Mohamed Obeid|
|Minister of Parliamentarian Affairs||Halima Hassaballa Al-Naeem|
|Minister of Finance and national Economy||Ali Mahmoud Abdul-Rassol|
|Minister of International Cooperation||Jalal Al-Din Yousif Al-Degair|
|Minister of Irrigation water Resources||Kamal Ali Mohammed Ahmed|
|Minister of Agriculture||Abdul-Halim Isamil Al-Mutaafi|
|Minister of Industry||Awad Ahmed Al-Jaz|
|Minister of Foreign Trade||Elias Nyamlel Wakoso|
|Minister of Investment||George Bureng Nyombe Vincent|
|Minister of Animal and Fishery Resources||Faisal Hassan Ibrahim|
|Minister of AntiquityTourism and Wildlife||Ahmed Babekir Nahar|
|Minister of Transportation||Chol Ram Pang|
|Minister of Health||Dr. Abdalla Tiya Juma|
|Minister of Humanitarian Affairs||Joseph Lual Achuil|
|Minister of Human Resources Development||Kamal Abdul-Latif Abdul-Rahim|
|Minister of Envrnt, Forestry, phy Dvlpmnt||Joseph Malwal Dong|
|Minister of High Ed. and Scientific Research||Peter Adok Nyaba|
|Minister of Culture||Al-Samawa’al Khalafalla quraish|
|Minister of Guidance and Endowments||Azhari Al-Tigani Awad Al-Sayed|
|Minister of Public Education||Farah Mustafa Abdalla|
|Minister of Sciences and Technology||Eissa Bashari Mohamed|
|Minister of Petroleum||Lual Achuil Deng|
|Minister of Electricity and Dams||Osama Abdalla Al-Hassan|
|Minister of Welfare and Social Security||Amira AL-Fadil Ahmed|
|Minister of Youth and Sports||Haj Magid Siwar|
|Minister of Minerals||Abdul-Bagi Al-Jailani|
|Minister of Roads and Bridges||Abdul-Wahab Mohamed Osman|
|Minister of Labor||Dak Doup Bichiok|
|Minister of Communication and Info Tech||Yahiya Mohamed Hamed|